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Basic Research in Information Science And Technology for Air Force Needs
Basic Research in Information Science And Technology for Air Force Needs
The U.S. Air Force, like the other services, is transforming itself into a new type of force with capabilities appropriate for an emerging array of new threats. The Air Force roadmap for transformation, part of the U.S. Air Force Transformation Flight Plan, describes...
Getting Up To Speed: The Future Of Supercomputing
Getting Up To Speed: The Future Of Supercomputing
High-performance computing is important in solving complex problems in areas from climate and biology to national security. Several factors have led to the recent reexamination of the rationale for federal investment in research and development in support of high-performance computing, including continuing changes in the various component...
Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence
Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence
The Panel on Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence was established in early 1992 by the Naval
Studies Board (NSB) of the National Research Council in response to a request from the Naval Research
Laboratory (NRL). The NRL called on the NSB to establish a panel of experts in the fields of computer science
and artificial
...
Statistical Software Engineering
Statistical Software Engineering

The development and the production of high-quality, reliable, complex computer software have become critical issues in the enormous worldwide computer technology market. The capability to efficiently engineer computer software development and production processes is central to the future economic strength, competitiveness, and national security...

Bioinformatics: Converting Data to Knowledge, Workshop Summary
Bioinformatics: Converting Data to Knowledge, Workshop Summary
In 1993 the National Research Council’s Board on Biology established a series of forums on biotechnology. The purpose of the discussions is to foster open communication among scientists, administrators, policy-makers, and others engaged in biotechnology research, development, and commercialization. The neutral setting offered by the National...
Innovation in Information Technology
Innovation in Information Technology
The health of the computer science field and related disciplines has
been an enduring concern of the National Research Council’s Computer  cience and Telecommunications Board (CSTB). From its first reports in the late 1980s, CSTB has examined the nature, conduct, scope, and directions of the research that drives innovation in
...
Information Technology for Counterterrorism: Immediate Actions and Futures Possibilities
Information Technology for Counterterrorism: Immediate Actions and Futures Possibilities
Immediately following the events of September 11, 2001, the National Academies (including the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council) offered its services to the nation to formulate a scientific and technological response to the challenges posed by emerging...
Embedded, Everywhere: A Research Agenda for Networked Systems of Embedded Computers
Embedded, Everywhere: A Research Agenda for Networked Systems of Embedded Computers
Continued advances in information technologies are enabling a growing number of physical devices to be imbued with computingand communications capabilities. Aircraft, cars, household appliances, cellular telephones, and health monitoring devices all contain microprocessors that are being linked with other information processing devices. Such...
Government Data Centers: Meeting Increasing Demands
Government Data Centers: Meeting Increasing Demands
As repositories of the nation’s environmental data, U.S. government data centers are constantly evolving. The data they collect, disseminate, and archive are critical to assessing the state of the earth and our effect on it. As the data record grows, so does our understanding of the environment. However, because of the increasing amount and...
Engaging Privacy and Information Technology in a Digital Age
Engaging Privacy and Information Technology in a Digital Age
Privacy is a growing concern in the United States and around the world. The spread of the Internet and the seemingly unbounded options for collecting, saving, sharing, and comparing information trigger consumer worries; online practices of businesses and government agencies present new ways to compromise privacy; and e-commerce and technologies...
Beyond the Market: Designing Nonmarket Accounts for the United States
Beyond the Market: Designing Nonmarket Accounts for the United States
One of the long-standing goals of the Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT) is the improvement of economic measurement and the data sources crucial to that measurement. In working toward that goal, recent CNSTAT panels have produced reports on price and cost-of-living indexes, poverty measurement, measurement of the economy’s government...
Controlling the Quantum World: The Science of Atoms, Molecules, and Photons (Physics 2010)
Controlling the Quantum World: The Science of Atoms, Molecules, and Photons (Physics 2010)
As part of the Physics 2010 decadal survey project, the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation requested that the National Research Council assess the opportunities, over roughly the next decade, in atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) science and technology. In particular, the National Research Council was asked to cover...
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