In recent years, much has transpired in the field of remote sensing and, in
particular, polarization. Polarization is an outgrowth of multiple, highly
accurate photometric measurements. Plane polarization is the difference
between precision photometric measurements in two mutually perpendicular
directions. Circular polarization is used as a refinement in the complete description
of the optical properties of surfaces and of the atmosphere in terms
of Stokes parameters.
This book explores advanced concepts in the mathematical representation
of polarization, descriptors, and various optical elements used in the
analysis of polarization in multiple applications—highlighting tried and
proven techniques to enhance aircraft and satellite technology and determine
the photometric and polarimetric properties of atmosphere, ground surfaces,
and inner and outer space. Experiments such as the NASA Lear Airborne
Observatory and the Mariner explorers are presented as a basis for many of
the recent advances in remote sensing and polarization.
Designed for use in remote sensing courses and as a reference text, the
level of treatment is appropriate for undergraduates, but advanced high
school students may investigate the material with great advantage. The book
also serves as a reference for graduate-level college students and researchers.
The book will be useful to students and workers in aircraft and satellite
remote sensing in geology and atmospheric sciences, the military, natural
resources, agriculture, forestry, ranching, urban resources, hydrology, pollution
(marine and atmospheric), the environment, limnology, seismology, and