Poverty in Guatemala is part of the World Bank Country Study series. These reports are published with the approval of the subject government to communicate the results of the Bank's work on the economic and related conditions of member countries to governments and to the development community. This report is part of a collaborative multi-year program of analytical work and technical assistance (the Guatemala Poverty Assessment Program, or 'GUAPA" program). This poverty assessment report conducts an in-depth, multi-dimensional analysis of poverty building on the framework of the World Bank's World Development Report (WDR) for 2000/2001 using both quantitative and qualitative data. This study also examines the impact of government policies and spending on the poor. Finally, it uses the empirical findings to identify options and priorities for poverty reduction in the future. Policy options are outlined not only in general, but for the specific themes and sectors covered. This report is also expected to contribute to the definition of the country assistance strategy (CAS) and lending operations of the World Bank and other donors, so as to make these interventions more effective in the future. This type of study is conducted by the World Bank in its client countries on a regular basis with the objective of assessing the poverty situation of the country in question.
This report is part of a broader, multi-year program of analytical work and technical assistance that signals the commitment of the World Bank to poverty reduction and seeks to: (a) contribute to filling the crucial information gaps on poverty and living conditions; (b) deliver timely outputs on a regular and on-going basis in response to client requests and data availability; and (c) provide longer-term partnering and collaboration on poverty analysis and strategy. The four main interconnected “prongs” of the program include:
- “GUAPA collaborative,” which seeks to foster institutional development and capacity building in counterpart agencies for greater ownership and sustainability of the analysis and results. As such, the program adopts a collaborative approach, providing technical assistance and hands-on training to counterpart agencies for poverty measurement, data collection, analysis, and policy and strategy formulation;
- “GUAPA analytical,” which seeks to conduct a thorough, multi-dimensional analysis of poverty building on the framework of the World Bank’s World Development Report for 2000/2001 using both quantitative and qualitative data (the main product is this present report);
- “GUAPA policy,” which seeks to contribute to the design of the Bank’s upcoming Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), as well as the upcoming Country Economic Memorandum (CEM), the government’s poverty reduction policies and strategies, and the poverty-effectiveness of interventions and policies in Guatemala;
- “GUAPA operational,” which seeks to forge linkages to lending operations currently under preparation to improve their poverty focus, such as those in social protection, education, and transport.