Optimization is an extremely important area in science and technology which provides
powerful and useful tools and techniques for the formulation and solution of
a multitude of problems in which we wish, or need, to find a best possible option
or solution. It has been an important area of research for more than half a century,...

This book examines fuzzy relational calculus theory with applications in various engineering subjects. The scope of the text covers unified and exact methods with algorithms for direct and inverse problem resolution in fuzzy relational calculus. Extensive engineering applications of fuzzy relation compositions and fuzzy linear systems...

Although there are hundreds of books about MATLAB, there are no books that fully explore its value in the field of business economics. Few books describe how geographic information can be explicitly incorporated in business decisions, or explain how sophisticated MATLAB applications can be provided to users via the Internet using a...

The Freescale HCS12 (also known as 9S12) microcontroller family was initially designed for
automotive applications. The design of the HCS12 combines most features common in major
8-bit and 16-bit microcontrollers.

1. Full-feature timer system. The HCS12 timer system provides input-capture, outputcompare,
pulse-width...

In probability and statistics we often have to estimate probabilities and parameters in probability distributions using a random sample. Instead of using a point estimate calculated from the data we propose using fuzzy numbers which are constructed from a set of confidence intervals. In probability calculations we apply constrained fuzzy arithmetic...

More than ever, American industry especially the semiconductor industry is using statistical methods to improve its competitive edge in the world market. It is becoming more imperative that graduate engineers have solid statistical know-how, yet engineers in industry typically are not well-prepared to use statistics and they are fuzzy about how to...

This book was originally titled “Fundamentals of the New Artificial Intelligence: Beyond Traditional Paradigms.” I have changed the subtitle to better represent the contents of the book. The basic philosophy of the original version has been kept in the new edition. That is, the book covers the most essential and widely employed material...

Anybody following the discussions around “Web Services” in recent years is aware
of the fuzzy definition of the term, and a little bit of history can quite easily explain
some of the confusions around current terminology (or use of terminology). The
general idea of using Web technologies to not only deliver Web pages (HTML...

Being the important means by which people acquire and publish information nowadays, theWeb has been a huge information resource depository all around the world and the huge amount of information on the Web is getting larger and larger every day. It is becoming very crucial for computer programs to deal with information on the Web automatically and...

Unlike most other database programming books, which discuss and present database programming techniques through huge blocks of programming code, this book uses a unique writing style to show readers how to develop professional and practical database programs using Visual Basic.NET 2005 Design Tools and Wizards related to ADO.NET 2.0, and to apply...

The celebrated mathematician and philosopher Pythagoras left no writings. But what if he had and the manuscript was never found? Where would it be located? And what information would it reveal? These questions are the inspiration for the mathematical mystery novel Pythagoras' Revenge. Suspenseful and instructive, Pythagoras'...

In many application areas, it is necessary to make effective decisions under constraints. Several area-specific techniques are known for such decision problems; however, because these techniques are area-specific, it is not easy to apply each technique to other applications areas. Cross-fertilization between different application areas is one...