Modal Logic: An Introduction to its Syntax and Semantics In this text, a variety of modal logics at the sentential, first-order, and second-order levels are developed with clarity, precision and philosophical insight. All of the S1-S5 modal logics of Lewis and Langford, among others, are constructed. A matrix, or many-valued semantics, for sentential modal logic is formalized, and an important result... Mathematical Models of Spoken Language Humans use language to convey meaningful messages to each other. Linguistic competence consists in the ability to express meaning reliably, not simply to obtain faithful lexical transcriptions. This invaluable reference tool is the product of many years' experience and research on language and speech technology. It presents the motivations for,... The Quantum Mechanics of Minds and Worlds The book is at its best when it is distinguishing between the various versions of the Everett interpretation, and would certainly be useful to anyone who whishes to pursue Everett's approach. Barrett wisely separates out what can be reasonably ascribed to Everett, and what work remains to turn Everetts writings into a complete interpretation....
The Philosophy of Gottlob Frege Begriffsschrift was, as the subtitle announced, a formula language of pure
thought modeled upon the language of arithmetic. Frege borrowed the notation
for functions from arithmetic, and enlarged the realm of applicability
of a function beyond the domain of numbers. Then, supplanting the
subject/predicate division, which was...
Science in the Age of Computer Simulation
Computer simulation was first pioneered as a scientific tool in meteorology and nuclear physics in the period following World War II, but it has grown rapidly to become indispensible in a wide variety of scientific disciplines, including astrophysics, high-energy physics, climate science, engineering, ecology, and economics. Digital computer...
The Bloomsbury Companion to Socrates (Bloomsbury Companions)
Socrates, the largely enigmatic Greek thinker, is universally considered to have laid the foundations of western philosophy. His philosophy, available to us through the early dialogues of Plato and the writings of his contemporaries, has had a remarkably enduring influence on virtually every area of philosophical enterprise .
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