Maxillofacial imaging has evolved dramatically over the past two decades with development of new cross-sectional imaging techniques. Traditional maxillofacial imaging was based on plain films and dental imaging. However, today’s advanced imaging techniques with CT and MRI have only been partially implemented for maxillofacial questions....
Optimization is an extremely important area in science and technology which provides
powerful and useful tools and techniques for the formulation and solution of
a multitude of problems in which we wish, or need, to find a best possible option
or solution. It has been an important area of research for more than half a century,...
This book is an essential tool for second-year undergraduate students and above, providing clear and concise explanations of the basic concepts of computer graphics, and enabling the reader to immediately implement these concepts in Java 2D and/or 3D with only elementary knowledge of the programming language. Features: provides an ideal,...
Mechanics as a fundamental science in Physics and in Engineering deals with
interactions of forces resulting in motion and deformation of material bodies.
Similar to other sciences Mechanics serves in the world of Physics and in that
of Engineering in a different way, in spite of many and increasing interdependencies.
Our main aim in writing this book is to make the concepts of pattern recognition clear
to undergraduate and postgraduate students of the subject. We will not deal with
pre-processing of data. Rather, assuming that patterns are represented using some
appropriate pre-processing techniques in the form of vectors of numbers, we will...
A number of crucial societal applications like international border crossing, electronic
commerce, and welfare disbursement require reliable person recognition systems.
Traditional person authentication methods based on passwords and identity
documents often fail to meet the stringent security and performance demands of
During the past decade digital imaging has significantly progressed in
all imaging areas ranging from medicine, pharmacy, chemistry, biology to
astrophysics, meteorology and geophysics. The avalanche of digitized
images produced a need for special techniques of processing and
knowledge extraction from many digital images with...
From time immemorial, the security realm and personal identification task had
shown progress by employing technological means like secret knowledge as passwords
and Personal Identification Numbers, and by using personal possessions as
identity cards and Radio Frequency Identification chips. As opposed to these means
The papers in this volume were presented at the 20th Annual International Symposium
on Algorithms and Computation, held December 16–18, 2009, in Hawaii,
USA. In response to the Call-for-Papers, 279 papers were submitted. Each paper
received at least three reviews by either Program Committee members or experts
selected by Program...
Over the course of the past twenty years I have learned many things relevant to
this book while working in high-energy physics. As everyone in this field in the
yearly to mid-90s, I was analyzing experimental data collected by particle colliders
using the FORTRAN programming language. Then, gradually, I moved to C++
Video segmentation has been a key technique for visual information extraction and
plays an important role in digital video processing, pattern recognition, and computer
vision. A wide range of video-based applications will benefit from advances
in video segmentation including security and surveillance, bank transactions monitoring,...
The journal Computing has established a series of supplement volumes the fourth
of which appears this year. Its purpose is to provide a coherent presentation of a
new topic in a single volume. The previous subjects were Computer Arithmetic
1977, Fundamentals of Numerical Computation 1980, and Parallel Processes and