The support vector machine (SVM) is a supervised learning method that generates input-output mapping functions from a set of labeled training data. The mapping function can be either a classification function, i.e., the category of the input data, or a regression function. For classification, nonlinear kernel functions are often used to...

"Mathematics of Uncertainty" provides the basic ideas and foundations of uncertainty, covering the fields of mathematics in which uncertainty, variability, imprecision and fuzziness of data are of importance. This introductory book describes the basic ideas of the mathematical fields of uncertainty from simple interpolation to...

This book provides practitioners with an overview of the principles & methods needed to build reliable biometric systems. It covers 3 main topics: key biometric technologies, testing & management issues, & the legal and system considerations of biometric systems for personal verification/identification. It focuses on the 4 most widely...

Metadata play a fundamental role in both DLs and SDIs. Commonly defined as "structured data about data" or "data which describe attributes of a resource" or, more simply, "information about data", it is an essential requirement for locating and evaluating available data. Therefore, this book focuses on the study of...

Computational Intelligence (CI) has emerged as a novel and highly diversified paradigm supporting the design, analysis and deployment of intelligent systems. The intellectual landscape of CI is enormously rich. The discipline of CI brings together technologies of granular computing including fuzzy sets and rough sets, neural networks, and...

Experimentation is necessary - a purely theoretical approach is not reasonable. The new experimentalism, a development in the modern philosophy of science, considers that an experiment can have a life of its own. It provides a statistical methodology to learn from experiments, where the experimenter should distinguish between statistical...

3D Face Processing: Modeling, Analysis and Synthesis introduces the frontiers of 3D face processing techniques. It reviews existing 3D face processing techniques, including techniques for 3D face geometry modeling; 3D face motion modeling; and 3D face motion tracking and animation. Then it discusses a unified framework for face...

This basic textbook gives an easily accessible introduction to fuzzy theory and its applications. It provides basic and concrete concepts of the field in a self-contained, condensed and understandable style. This First Course on Fuzzy Theory and Applications includes numerous examples, descriptive illustrations and figures of the basic concepts,...

This book considers one of the basic problems in discrete mathematics: given a collection of constraints, describe up to isomorphism all the objects that meet them. Only a handful of classification results for combinatorial objects are dated before the mid-20th century; indeed, it is through modern computers and recent developments in algorithms...

Defining a formal domain ontology is generally considered a useful, not to say necessary step in almost every software project. This is because software deals with ideas rather than with self-evident physical artefacts. However, this development step is hardly ever done, as ontologies rely on well-defined and semantically powerful AI concepts...

Applied Fuzzy Arithmetic provides a well-structured compendium that offers both a deeper knowledge about the theory of fuzzy arithmetic and an extensive view on its applications in the engineering sciences, making it a resource for students, researchers, and practical engineers. The first part of the book gives an introduction...

The goal of this book is to teach computational scientists and engineers how to develop tailored, flexible, and efficient working environments built from small programs (scripts) written in the easy-to-learn, very high-level language Python. The focus is on examples and applications of relevance to computational science: gluing existing...