Most biometric systems employed for human recognition require physical contact with, or close proximity to, a cooperative subject. Far more challenging is the ability to reliably recognize individuals at a distance, when viewed from an arbitrary angle under real-world environmental conditions. Gait and face data are the two biometrics that...

In the last decade there has been an explosion of interest in the modeling and automation of business processes, and competence in this area is seen as increasingly critical to business competitiveness and stability. However, this has lead to a parallel explosion in solution approaches and technologies leading to a state-of-the-art that is...

Face recognition has a large number of applications, including security, person verification, Internet communication, and computer entertainment. Although research in automatic face recognition has been conducted since the 1960s, this problem is still largely unsolved. Recent years have seen significant progress in this area owing to advances...

The main motivation to write this book came from all our problems to find suitable material for a textbook that would really help us to teach the practical aspects of data analysis together with the needed theoretical underpinnings. Many books out there tackle either one or the other of these aspects (and, especially for the latter, there are...

Geometric algebra (GA) is a powerful new mathematical system for computational geometry. Although its origins can be traced back to Hermann Grassmann (1844), its development as a language for space–time geometry with applications to all of physics did not begin until 1966. Suddenly, in the year 2000 it was recognized that a specialized...

The pattern calculus is a new foundation for computation, in which the expressive power of functions and of data structures are combined within pattern-matching functions. The best existing foundations focus on either functions, as in the lambda-calculus, or on data structures, as in Turing machines, or on compromises involving both, as in...

This book captures and communicates the wealth of architecture experience Capgemini has gathered as a member of The Open Group – a vendor- and technology-neutral consortium formed by major industry players – in developing, deploying, and using its “Integrated Architecture Framework” (IAF) since its origination in 1993....

Computer programming is a skill that can bring great enjoyment from the creativity involved in designing and implementing a solution to a problem. This classroom-tested and easy-to-follow textbook teaches the reader how to program using Python, an accessible language which can be learned incrementally. Through an extensive use of examples and...

This book covers combinatorial data structures and algorithms, algebraic issues in geometric computing, approximation of curves and surfaces, and computational topology. Each chapter fully details and provides a tutorial introduction to important concepts and results. The focus is on methods which are both well founded mathematically and...

In Part 1, the book describes the very latest thinking on solar physics in (mostly non-mathematical) detail, incorporating the latest results from research concerning the structure and behaviour of the Sun. There is particular emphasis on the surface features visible from the Earth, and how these are the result of the extraordinary processes...

The book presents an overview of 3-D cinematography, the science and technology of generating 3-D models of dynamic scenes from multiple cameras at video frame rates. The book covers recent developments in computer vision and computer graphics that have made 3-D cinematography possible, and reviews the challenges and open issues that need to...

This book presents contributions from a global selection of experts in the field. This useful text offers new insights and solutions for the development of theorems, algorithms and advanced methods for real-time applications across a range of disciplines. Written in an accessible style, the discussion of all applications is enhanced by the...